Atkinson # C31
Sanborn and Clark # 9
O'Neill wrote his anarchistic poem "Submarine"
while in Provincetown in the year 1916. He showed it to radical journalist John Reed, who
liked the poem and set to work to get it published. Reed had only to cross the street in
Provincetown to find Max Eastman, editor of THE MASSES.
THE MASSES called itself "a revolutionary magazine directed against rigidity and
dogma wherever it was found." In addition to Reed, THE MASSES was kept supplied with
material by such contributors as Carl Sandburg, Sherwood Anderson, Amy Lowell, Bertrand
Russell, Maxim Gorky, George Bellows, and John Sloan. To O'Neill's joy, Eastman accepted
"Submarine" for publication. The poem, which was not signed by O'Neill, appeared
in the February, 1917 issue.